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Geets: Santhove execution

Willem Geets, 1883: “A martyr of the 16th Century”, Jeanette of Santhove leaving the cathedral of Malines (Belgium) in 1526 to be buried alive for being a Protestant.
(Click on the image for a better view.)

Martyrs of Christianity

There is another group of women—mostly unknown ones—who gave their lives for their faith, but who were never raised to the honour of the altars, nor even summarily venerated on All Saints' Day: Martyrs they were—but on the wrong side!

As soon as Christianity came to power in the Roman Empire and got organized, the church dignitaries (who automatically became officials of the Roman Empire) began to suppress and persecute the pagans or—if none were available—Christians with slightly different faiths.

This website is mostly about the sufferings of female Christian martyrs at the hand of pagans or, more generally, non-Christians. But it would be unbalanced without a section on female martyrs of Christianity.

The web pages below are dedicated to women who died for their convictions, and whose murderers saw it fit to make their deaths as unpleasant and humiliating as possible—thereby continuing the work of their pagan predecessors.

Some of these women were later regarded as saints (if they were of the appropriate Christian denomination); they have their place in the main hall of the Crypt (e.g., Dionysia and Dativa, Jeanne d'Arc, Margaret Clitherow. Others are at least known by name and inspired some artists. The majority, however, suffered anonymously.

Christians vs. non-Christians

  1. Hypatia of Alexandria
    (last change: 2017-06-01)
  2. “pagans”
    (last change: 2011-12-17)
  3. the family Carvajal of Mexico
    (last change: 2016-06-25)
  4. Brazilian “New Christians”
    (last change: 2016-07-11)
  5. other Jews
    (last change: 2017-03-05)
  6. Muslims
    (last change: 2017-03-05)

Catholics vs. other denominations

  1. the Cathars in France and Italy
    (last change: 2017-06-01)
  2. the Valdenses in France and Italy
    (last change: 2018-12-01)
  3. the Huguenots in France
    (last change: 2019-05-29)
  4. the Protestants in Belgium and the Netherlands
    (last change: 2019-06-02)
  5. the reign of Queen Mary I of England
    (last change: 2011-09-29)
  6. the martyrs of Guernsey
    (last change: 2010-03-11)
  7. Rose Allen
    (last change: 2013-07-23)
  8. Anne Askew
    (last change: 2015-03-22)
  9. Agnes Prest
    (last change: 2011-12-31)
  10. Catholic Irishmen and English settlers
    (last change: 2019-06-03)

Anglicans vs. Protestants

  1. Margaret Wilson
    (last change: 2014-06-01)
  2. Helen Stark
    (last change: 2014-08-17)

Protestants vs. Catholics

  1. the persecution on Hawai'i
    (last change: 2012-09-02)


  1. other “heretics”
    (last change: 2019-05-30)